最明亮的 35 mm 鏡頭 – 27th night Ai Nikkor 35mm F1.4S


以一個 Nikon 老鏡頭的愛好者來說,這兩顆鏡頭都值得提一下 (again)。特別是知道了原廠開發的歷史後, 更突顯這兩顆好鏡頭歷史的地位 ~

舊版的 NC Auto 看來要找到鍍膜不變黃的好品像, 恐怕越來越難了 … 不過, 即使是如此, 她仍然是細節最豐富、顏色最漂亮、解析度最好的一顆 Nikkor 35 f1.4  ~ 眨眼睛

Nikkor-NC Auto 35mm f1.4 作例 (by Nikon F4s)

AIS 版仍在發行中, 也是市面上最便宜的一顆原廠等級的 35mm f1.4。

雖然改善了鍍膜變質的問題, 可是似乎成像素質比起前代的 NC Auto 版, 稍有退步 ~ 可是, 成像還是超棒就是了 (NC Auto 是超超棒等級的鏡頭)。無論如何, 以 C/P 值來看, 以後要找原廠 f1.4 又便宜的 35mm, 應該到此為止 … 眨眼睛

Nikkor AI 35mm f1.4s 作例 (by Nikon F4s)

以下文章使用  http://www.excite.co.jp/world/chinese/ 翻譯自

Nikkor 一千零一夜物語第 27 夜 http://www.nikon-image.com/jpn/enjoy/interview/historynikkor/2006/0601/

自動翻譯精度尚可,僅供同好參考,若有不慎侵權請告知即移除 ~

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最明亮的 35 毫米鏡頭- 27夜 AI 尼克爾35毫米F1.4S
– The brightest 35mm lens – 27th night Ai Nikkor 35mm F1.4S

Ooshita孝
因為這顆數位相機用的鏡頭改版了2次,今夜話說回來到故事的原點, 單眼相機用nikkoru。35mm F1.4,這個鏡頭是定為了我與nikkoru遇到的契機的憧憬的鏡頭。
Because the lens of the digital camera continued 2 times, tonight resetting on the basis of story, probably will return to [nitsukoru] for single-lens reflex. 35mm F1.4, this lens is the lens of the yearning which has become the opportunity where I encounter with [nitsukoru].

1 。跟nikkoru的相遇
為何這個鏡頭是憧憬的鏡頭,暫且請陪伴傳說。

Why, whether this lens is the lens of yearning, for a while association it was in the old tale, is, it came to be.

成為了我真正地開始拍照的契機的,以前也說過,不過,是星的照片。是1960年代從後半開始1970年代前半部分,阿波羅月面走下去,帶回了的月石在大阪萬國博覽會被展示,由於宇宙高潮沸騰的時代。用當時是小學生的筆者,也請對父母死氣白賴地要求買了的小天文望遠鏡,讓不膩煩月的火山口注視,從陽台可以看見的昴星團的眨眼間蹦心。那樣的少年時代愛讀的,是藤井旭先生的天體寫真集的書。這個書的其中當時新奇的顏色美麗的星座的照片幾個也登載,象定一對一樣地登上那個照片的攝影數據,的是尼康F和今夜的主角Nikkor35mm F1.4鏡頭的組合。

Having become the opportunity where I begin the photograph in earnest you have spoken also in the past, but it is the photograph of the star. From the sixties latter half the seventies first half, Apollo gets off in the lunar surface and stands, they are the times when the lunar rocks you carry back is displayed in the Osaka international exposition, has boiled in space boom. Also the writer who at that time is the elementary school student, asking to the parents, with the small astronomical telescope which it has buying, without growing tired, watched the crater of month, had heart wink of the Pleiades star cluster dance which is visible from the veranda. Those where such a boyhood you have regularly read, are the book of Fujii Asahi celestial photograph collection. Many photograph of the constellation where at that time the unusual color is beautiful has been recorded in this book, in the photographing data of that photograph, like fixed turn the fact that it has been recorded was combination of the leading part Nikkor35mm F1.4 lens of Nikon F and tonight.

高感度的負片與一般化的現在不同,當時要說彩色膠卷是所說的reversal,ISO64(當時ASA的)ekutakuromu和ISO100富士chrome的時代。必須以現在的ISO800 負片約1/10靈敏度,抓住微弱的星的光。加上,要留下更多的細節,不過,長時間變成為膠卷為曝光的話,絞斑點1段的話快門速度以2倍同樣的濃度這個法則毀壞,有所說的對更加不掛上(放上)多的曝光同樣的濃度不成的「相犯規不車轍」的麻煩的性質。為此當時的顏色的星的照片,是由於F1.4開放從30分到1小時的曝光踏踏實實地被攝影的。並不是說因為而且有相犯規不車轍,用F1.4鏡頭要是30分曝光F2鏡頭賭1小時曝光就行了。F2鏡頭更加長時間曝光需要,更暗的鏡頭顏色的星座照片是不能實質拍攝的時代。

At that time if you mention the color film, reversal and ISO64 (at that time ASA you said) they are age of [hujikuromu] of [ekutakuromu] and ISO100 different from now when the negative color film of high sensitivity has generalized. With sensitivity of approximately 1/10 of the negative color of current ISO800, you must catch the light of the faint star. In addition, if more detailed one you think that which is knowing, but when in the film it becomes long haul exposure, when the contraction is squeezed 1 steps, the law, shutter speed same density at 2 times deteriorates, unless furthermore many exposures are applied, does not become the same density, there is a troublesome character, “phase infringement lawlessness”. Because of that the photograph of the star of the color of that time, in the opening F1.4 applying the exposure of 1 hours from 30 minutes, it was photographed thoroughly. Furthermore because there is a phase infringement lawlessness, if with the lens of F1.4 30 minute exposures it is not something where in the lens of F2 1 hour exposures should have been applied. In the lens of F2 furthermore long haul exposure being necessary, in a darker lens as for the constellation photograph of the color substance they were the times when it is not possible to take.

「星星的顏色照片如果不是nikkoru35mm F1.4不能被漂亮地拍攝。」這樣尼康F和Nikkor35mm F1.4鏡頭的名字是我的心中被刻上的。現在說大光圈鏡頭的話,用弄活了癡呆的描寫被使用的情況多,不過,當時是有需要F1.4亮度的景色,有如果不是這個鏡頭不被拍攝的照片的。

If “the color picture of the star is not [nitsukoru] 35mm F1.4, you cannot take cleanly, it is.”In this way, name of the lens of Nikon F and Nikkor35mm F1.4 was carved in my heart. When presently you mention the large aperture lens, the case which is used with the description which utilizes becoming dim is many, but if at that time there is a scene where the brightness of F1.4 is necessary and it is not this lens, it had the photograph which cannot be taken.

2 。世界首顆的單眼相機用35mm F1.4

For worldwide first single-lens reflex 35mm F1.4

故事,追溯到F發售前後。出現了說1段明亮地打算再設計被選擇了作為第3夜晚的W-Nikkor 3.5cmF1.8的計劃。1956年發售當時是誇耀世界最高的亮度的這個鏡頭,從其他製造廠更明亮的鏡頭也被發表,新的亮度的提高被要求的。實際1960年代中間左右S用的35mm F1.4鏡頭被設計,被試製化做了的事留存著在報告書中。這個鏡頭,作為SP的繼任機用的鏡頭被開發了,不過,與SP繼任機開發中止一起被中斷,雖然是遺憾成為了但是虛幻的鏡頭。是可是,35mm F1.4的方法就那樣在尼康F用鏡頭裡(上)被承繼,作為單眼相機用重新開發開始的。

Story goes back to F sale front and back. The plan that had and rose 1 steps it probably will brightly redesign W-Nikkor 3.5cmF1.8 which is picked up in the 3rd night. 1956 sale at that time a brighter lens was announced also this lens which is proud of worldwide highest brightness, from the other manufacturer, improvement of further brightness was required. Actually around the sixties middle the lens of 35mm F1.4 for S is designed, being made on an experimental basis being converted remains in the report. This lens was something which was developed as the lens for the successor aircraft of SP, but with the SP successor aircraft development discontinuance it is discontinued, regrettable it becomes the lens of vision. But, the specification, 35mm F1.4 was taken over by the lens for Nikon F that way, development started anew as the one for single-lens reflex.

W-Nikkor 3.5cmF1.8象是那樣一樣地,range finder用的廣角鏡頭,即使是大口徑也是標準鏡頭普通的大小。在那裡這個鏡頭與標準鏡頭也不變成的大小,同樣的52mm的輔助鏡頭尺寸被認為是目標。被擔任了設計的是清水義之先生。當時作為range finder用的鏡頭有同類詳細說明的鏡頭,不過,作為單眼相機用是第一次的詳細說明。同時,大口徑鏡頭由於些許的一點點的鏡頭像差的混亂變得不有了性能。肯定設計方面也製造方面也非常被操勞了。經過2度的試製總算有了目標的性能的時候從開發開始大概5年的歲月流逝著。

As W-Nikkor 3.5cmF1.8 so been, though as for the wide angle lens for the range finder, call the large aperture, it is size like the standard lens. The size where either this lens is not different from the standard lens then, the attachment size of the same 52mm made goal. Those where the design you take charge are Yoshiyuki Shimizu. There was a lens of the similar specifications, at that time as a lens for the range finder, but they are the new specifications as the one for single-lens reflex. In addition, the large aperture lens stops coming out efficiency with the disorder just of little lens distortion. In the design aspect or in the production aspect you suffered hardship difference it is not very. Trial manufacture of 2 times when efficiency of the anther goal which could be passed appears, time of approximately 5 years it had elapsed from development start.

這樣1971年變成了發售的這個鏡頭,以24mm F2.8被僱用了的近距離補正機構和,nikkoru首次的多表面塗層被裝載。是集聚了對在世界第一次的單眼相機用35mm F1.4鏡頭適合,當時的日本光學的技術的精粹的鏡頭。

In this way, as for this lens which has become sale in 1971, short-range revision mechanism and the [nitsukoru] first multiple coating which are adopted with 24mm F2.8 are loaded. It was the lens which in the world is suitable in the 35mm F1.4 lens for new single-lens reflex, gathered the choice of technology of the Japanese optics of that time.

3 。鏡頭的構成

Constitution of lens

橫斷面鑑於鏡頭 Cross section diagram of lens

這個鏡頭是被圖1象表示一樣的7群9張(件)構成的retrofocus類型的鏡頭。這個鏡頭的特徵象同樣一樣的凹鏡頭被配置2張(件),最最後的凸鏡頭被3張(件)是分割吧。要明亮鏡頭的亮度鏡頭的直徑變得大。並且鏡頭的直徑變得大的話,用那個鏡頭發生的象差變得大。由於在那裡,最以2張(件)構成前頭的凹鏡頭,在3張(件)裡(上)穿(戴)到現在以2張(件)被構成的最後的凸鏡頭的事,被設計使鏡頭的曲率衰弱,對最小控制用各鏡頭發生的象差。並且是用夾斑點被配置了不補正斷留下了的象差的,2張(件)的連接鏡頭補正,非常合理的構成。一般認為由於特別很厚地構成斑點前方面的連接鏡頭的事,省略28mm F3.5鏡頭有的一號前頭的凸鏡頭,只是2張(件)凹鏡頭構成了前群的點優秀,如果不是這個構成輔助鏡頭尺寸52mm的35mm F1.4鏡頭不能實現。

This lens, is the lens of retrofocus type of 7 group 9 kind of constitution which are shown in Figure 1. Feature of this lens is arranged the similar concave lens 2, it probably means that the last convex lens is divided into 3. To make the lens speed bright, diameter of the lens becomes large. When and diameter of the lens becomes large, the aberration which occurs with that lens becomes large. Then, in order to hold down the aberration where it forms the first concave lens with 2, by the fact that the last convex lens which consists of 2 until now is designated as 3, weakens the curvature of the lens, occurs with each lens to smallest it is designed. And it revises and is not cut off and the aberration which remains, putting the contraction, it revises with 2 connecting lenses which are arranged, it is very rational constitution. Especially by the fact that the anterior connecting lens of the contraction is formed thickly, it was in the 28mm F3.5 lens, the first convex lens is abbreviated, the point where form the pre-group with just 2 concave lenses being superexcellent, if it is not this constitution, the 35mm F1.4 lens of attachment size 52mm is thought that it could not actualize.

是尼康對輔助鏡頭尺寸的統一,投入了多少力量拜訪被知道的鏡頭構成。

It is the lens constitution which you ask and can know Nikon in standardization of attachment size, how much was inserting power.

4 。描寫

Description

那麼這個鏡頭做怎樣的描寫吧?

Well, this lens might do what description.

拍著用我也工作上的關係,種種的照相機和鏡頭照片,不過,沒有這個鏡頭那樣根據膠卷和景色顯出豐富多彩的表情的鏡頭有過分見面的事。

The lens that shows a variegated expression by the film and the scene in this lens has not met so much you though I also am taking the photograph with the work handle and various cameras and lenses.

做鏡頭的試驗的時候,用在公司內部各種各樣的曝光材料進行著評價。單色照片膠卷,color reversal film,顏色負片膠卷,並且最近加上在數碼相機的評價為這個。用這樣種種的曝光材料做評價,鏡頭的描寫根據膠卷變化,不過,這個鏡頭那個確實很明白的鏡頭變得風平浪靜嗎?

When the lens is tested, it evaluates it in-house with various sensitive materials. The evaluation with the digital camera joins this the black and white film, the color slide film, the color negative film, and recently. I wonder whether this lens is a lens to understand it indeed well though it evaluates with various like this sensitive materials because the description of the lens changes by the film.

做也有單色照片和顏色負片象承擔了開放的時候,遮蔽物一樣的,而且細小的部分的析象,線小的獨特的描寫。那個秘密相當大的sajitarukomafurea有。根據高光發生著的淺的石獅子張開全體的對比下降變成柔和的灰度等級。然而用這個鏡頭夜景用顏色reversal攝影的話,被意外開放烏鴉一定也做了的脫掉好的圖像驚動。試著看範例1的話,顏色reversal攝影sajitarukomafurea也映現著,不過,並不是那麼突出印刷前提的負片膠卷和reversal膠卷灰度等級特性不相同,光源芯好好地被拍攝吧。同時,以開放附近的斑點價值攝影的話,是這個石獅子張開的影響嗎?稍微濕了的感覺的質量的感覺出,活潑表現平的景色人物的皮膚。

And, it is, there is an image dissection in a detailed part, too and a peculiar description with a thin line is done wearing the veil in black and white and the color negative it when opening it. The secret is in considerably big Sagetalcomafrea. The entire contrast falls with the light scene flare generated in the highlight and it becomes a bearish step. However, it is surprised by the image that being possible to pull out of doing surely as opening and blighting by contraries is good when taking a picture of the night view by the color reversal with this lens. It prints because the wick of the source of light reflects firmly when example 1 is seen the step characteristic is too different in the negative film and the reversal film of assumption in the color reversal taking a picture in the unremarkable one though Sagetalcomafrea is reflected.

並且這個鏡頭,根據斑點很大地描寫也變化的鏡頭也有。sajitarukomafurea為了如果稍微縮小幾乎丟失,如果1段每絞對比增加,到(連)F4~5.6縮小象範例2一樣地,成為好像nikkoru的高對比的切割的鋒利度尖的鏡頭。個人地從開放半段縮小的附近纖細的描寫是魅力。

Moreover, it is because of this scene flare when taking a picture of a flat scene by the squeezing value in the vicinity of opening or the feeling of quality of a little damp feeling goes out, and expresses person’s skin vividly.

In addition, this lens is a lens that changes greatly the description by squeezing. Sagetalcomafrea becomes the sharpness lens of a high contrast that seems to be Niccorl like example 2 if the contrast increases whenever one step is squeezed because it is almost lost, and it narrows it to F4?5.6 if it narrows it a little. A delicate description around in half Danshiborico it is from opening to the personal charm.

5 。持續改進

Continued improvement

這個鏡頭1971年的發售以來,經過鏡子筒的變更和最新的超市·integureiteddo·表面塗層的裝載達到現在,不過,其實鏡子筒設計變成NEW-Nikkor的時候,被光學系變更加上。鏡頭的基本構成沒變化,不過,根據綱島輝義先生的手玻璃材料和鏡頭的曲率被變更,使之提高著開放的時候的性能。是對30年以上長的象涉及被愛用的背面,有完成還持續改良的先人的努力的。

When the mirror cylinder design actually changes into NEW-Nikkor, the change is added to the optical system though this lens arrives through installing a change of the body tube and the latest super-integrated coating now after the sale in 1971. The curvature of the glass material and the lens is changed with Teru Tsunashima [**]’s hand, and the performance when opening it has been improved though the basic configuration of the lens has not changed. It extended long and there was an effort of the predecessors who had kept completing and improving it still in the back that had been patronized about 30 years or more.

不是現在是唯一的詳細說明了的這個鏡頭,不過,至今還輔助鏡頭尺寸52mm的35mm F1.4不看類。由於單眼相機用最小型的35mm F1.4標題暫時是這個鏡頭的東西吧。

35mm F1.4 of 52mm of the size of the attachment is still unparalleled though it is not the only specs but these becoming it lenses now. For the present, the title of smallest 35mm F1.4 will be the one of this lens for the single lens reflex.

About 紅龜 CT Luh

I see, I think ~
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